Johann Hoch and HH Holmes: Partners in Crime?

It’s kind of a disturbing thing to have  “favorite serial killer” at all, but mine is probably Johann Hoch, the goofball who spoke like a German dialect comic, looked like the dude on the Pringles can, and had already a proposed to what may have been his 55th wife when they caught him.  Wife #53 was a Chicago woman who ran a candy shop near Halsted and Willow; he had slipped her some arsenic shortly after the wedding, thrown a big pity party for himself while she lay in agony, and then proposed to her sister while the coffin was still in the room. HE married the sister a day or two later, then took her money and ran.

     “All the women for Johann go crazy, ja?” We went to Hoch’s burial place on our latest podcast.

When he was caught and brought back to Chicago, the Chicago American started spreading all sorts of rumors about him, like one that he was a twin brother of Louis Thombs, a guy who had been hanged a couple of years before, and that he had enchanted women by playing a magic zither of some sort. 
But one charge seemed to stick: that Hoch had once been an apprentice or pupil of H.H. Holmes, and had worked at the famous “murder castle.” 
The American was famous for making up stories to sell papers (it was owned by William Randolph Hearst), but one by one, people who had lived in the castle lined up to identify Hoch. There were some holdouts, like EC Davis, the jeweler, who was generally known to tell it like it is; he said that he’d never seen Hoch in his life. But other residents swore that Hoch had lived at the castle and collected their rent under the name Jake Hecht.
In Richard Lindberg’s recent book on Hoch, he speculates that, while the police didn’t believe Hoch had been in the country until 1895, by which time Holmes was in jail, he had deluded the police with a web of lies, and had, in fact, been a worker at the castle. I’m a bit of a doubter. Davis the Jeweler was generally one of the more reliable witnesses in the crowd (though that isn’t saying much). They also brought in M.G. Chappell, the skeleton articulator, to identify Hoch. He identified him, but he was not exactly a reliable source. No one from the castle had ever seen Chappell when he came there to talk to police in the first place, and most of what he told them was quickly dismissed; Chappell’s family said he was a drunk who was given to making up wild stories. I’ve always thought that the Holmes/Hoch thing was just an example of the papers playing “connect the dots” with criminals, which they loved to do in those days.
But in all of the controversy, no one seems to have taken any notice of one of the murders Holmes talked of in his 1896 “Confession.”
The “confession” itself was sort of a joke; of the 27 murders he confessed to, at least three were of people who weren’t dead yet. Several more were people who may never have existed, or had already been shown to have died of some other cause.  But there were a couple where he didn’t give names, and were therefore hard to refute.
One of these he blamed on a castle “tenant.” The man had grown tired of his wife and had his eye on a wealthy widow, whom Holmes suggested they kill. The man had balked, but took Holmes suggestion to come live at the castle with the widow, and that they’d kill her if life with her became intolerable. This happened in due time, and Holmes had killed the woman with chloroform (his preferred method, really) while the man held her down. This, according to Holmes, started the man off on a life of crime.
Leaving one’s wife to marry and kill a wealthy widow sounds like Hoch to a T.
Of particular note here is that that particular part of the confession is different in the two versions of the confession Holmes wrote. He wrote one, the best known, for the Philadelphia Inquirer, and then seems to have immediately copied down another version for the New York Journal, both of which printed hand-written notes in which Holmes said that what they were printing was his real – and only – confession. The two are mostly the same, except that the Journal version (which was the version published in Chicago papers) leaves six of the stories out, and is missing a word or sentence here and there from other sections. There’s only one section in which the Journal version is longer than the Inquirer, and that’s the story of the man in the castle who killed the wealthy widow.
Get the whole confession, with detailed notes on how the two versions differ (as well as the mysterious version published in another paper the day before, which is the source of the famous “I was born with the devil in me” quote) and over 20k words of analysis on whether he was telling the truth in each section in our new “Confession of HH Holmes ebook!”
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1 Comment

  1. ganaimn54

    Adam, just came across your blog. I admit Hoch is perhaps my favorite serial killer, too, although the term may not technically apply to him. I'm also an academic historian who's writing a book on Hoch, which is actually more detailed than Lindberg's (it's a full narrative with some historical contextualization) and I'm glad to read your doubts about the Holmes connection. I'm also glad you didn't repeat that canard about him being "Johann 'Otto' Hoch. The evidence I've found (mainly newspaper accounts) never call him that, although he is often identified as Johann _Adolph_ Hoch. What I've also learned is that many of the alleged wives (especially the clearly non-German ones) said he wasn't the man they'd married. Hoch also seems to have had two doubles (one a former Cook County jailer, and the other a Chicago-based man of who was also a swindler/bigamist.) Several of the women identified him as the man they married, and also the man seems to have used at least one of the aliases commonly attributed to Hoch. Capt. Shippy seems to have known this, and apparently he discounted a number of stories about Hoch because of that fact. It does, however, add another layer of confusion to the story. I'd love to hear from anyone who has additional material on Hoch. I can be reached at nsellars@cnu.edu

    Nigel Sellars, Ph D.
    Christopher Newport University
    Newport News, Va.

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